Code of Conduct
The Skiers Code
The Skier Responsibility Code is to be applied to skiers with and without disabilities without discrimination as follows:
Stay in control.
People ahead have the right of way.
Stop only when visible from above without obstructing the trail.
Look uphill and yield to other skiers.
Use devices to prevent runaway equipment.
Observe all posted signs and warnings.
The skier must know how to load, ride, and unload the lift safely.
Montana State Law
Under the law a skier is a person who is using any ski area facility for the purpose of skiing,including but not limited to ski slopes and trails. ( It includes skis,snowboard or any other sliding device)
23-2-736. Duties of skier.
(1) A skier has the duty to ski at all times in a manner that avoids injury to the skier and others and to be aware of the inherent dangers and risks of skiing.
(2) A skier:
(a) shall know the range of the skier’s ability and safely ski within the limits of that ability and the skier’s equipment so as to negotiate any section of terrain or ski slope and trail safely and without injury or damage. A skier shall know that the skier’s ability may vary because of ski slope and trail changes caused by weather, grooming changes, or skier use.
(b) shall maintain control of speed and course so as to prevent injury to the skier or others;
(c) shall abide by the requirements of the skier responsibility code that is published by the national ski areas association and that is posted as provided in 23-2-733;
(d) shall obey all posted or other warnings and instructions of the ski area operator; and
(e) shall read the ski area trail map and must be aware of its contents.
(3) A person may not:
(a) place an object in the ski area or on the uphill track of a passenger ropeway that may cause a passenger or skier to fall;
(b) cross the track of a passenger ropeway except at a designated and approved point; or
(c) if involved in a skiing accident, depart from the scene of the accident without:
(i) leaving personal identification; or
(ii) notifying the proper authorities and obtaining assistance when the person knows that a person involved in the accident is in need of medical or other assistance.
(4) A skier shall accept all legal responsibility for injury or damage of any kind to the extent that the injury or damage results from inherent dangers and risks of skiing. Nothing in this part may be construed to limit a skier’s right to hold another skier legally accountable for damages caused by the other skier.
23-2-704. Unlawful to endanger life or cause damage.
(1) It is unlawful for a passenger riding or using a passenger ropeway to endanger the life and safety of other persons or cause damage to passenger ropeway equipment.
(2) A person who purposely or knowingly violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.
23-2-735. Duties of passenger.
A passenger may not:
(1) board or disembark from a passenger ropeway except at an area designated for those purposes;
(2) throw or expel any object from a passenger ropeway;
(3) interfere with the running or operation of a passenger ropeway;
(4) use a passenger ropeway unless the passenger has the ability to use it safely without any instruction on its use by the operator or requests and receives instruction before boarding;
(5) embark on a passenger ropeway without the authority of the operator.
23-2-734. Duties of operator with respect to passenger ropeways.
A ski area operator shall construct, operate, maintain, and repair any passenger ropeway. An operator has the duty of taking responsible actions to properly construct, operate, maintain, and repair a passenger ropeway in accordance with current standards.
23-2-733. Duties of operator regarding ski areas.
(1) Consistent with the duty of reasonable care owed by a ski area operator to a skier, a ski area operator shall:
(a) mark all trail grooming vehicles by furnishing the vehicles with flashing or rotating lights that must be in operation whenever the vehicles are working or are in movement in the ski area;
(b) mark with a visible sign or other warning implement the location of any hydrant or similar equipment used in snowmaking operations and located on ski slopes and trails;
(c) maintain one or more trail boards at prominent locations at each ski area displaying a map of that area’s network of ski slopes and trails, the boundaries of the ski area, and the relative degree of difficulty of the ski slopes and trails at that area;
(d) post a notice requiring the use of ski-retention devices;
(e) designate at the start of each day, by trail board or otherwise, which ski slopes and trails are open or closed and amend those designations as openings and closures occur during the day;
(f) post in a conspicuous location the current skier responsibility code that is published by the national ski areas association;
(g) post a copy of 23-2-736 in a conspicuous location; and
(h) mark designated freestyle terrain with a symbol recognized by the national ski areas association.
(2) Nothing in this part may be construed to impose any duty owed by a ski area operator to a trespasser or an unauthorized user of a ski area.